The Transformational Potential of Flipped Classrooms

FlippedClassroomUWcolors-1-1024x242Both the New York Times and the Washington Post spilled ink over the phenomenon. Several authors resorted to old-fashioned books to discuss flipping, including the two teachers who allegedly originated the technique (see Flip Your Classroom: Reach Every Student in Every Class Every Day by Jonathan Bergmann and Aaron Sams). None of that tells us anything about the number of teachers who actually flipped their classrooms. No one has offered any firm measure of the practice or, more importantly, assessed its impact on student learning.

In case you missed all the hype, the flipped classroom is a form of blended learning in which students learn online at least part of the time while attending a brick-and-mortar school. Either at home or during a homework period at school, students view lessons and lectures online. Time in the classroom, previously reserved for teacher instruction, is spent on what we used to call homework, with teacher assistance as needed.

How can this improve student learning? Homework and lecture time have merely been switched. Students still learn through a lecture. And many online lectures are primitive videos.

There is some

21st-Century Teacher Education

For almost as long as there have been institutions dedicated to the preparation of new teachers, the endeavor has come in for criticism. Teacher education has long struggled both to professionalize and to fully integrate itself into mainstream academia. At the core of this struggle was a perception that there was no body of specialized knowledge for teaching that justified specialized training.

Over the last few decades, criticism of teacher preparation has shifted away from a largely academic debate to the troubling performance of American students. Shocked by teacher education’s refusal to train teachers to use scientifically based reading methods, Reid Lyon, who headed a 30-year study at the National Institutes of Health of how people best learn to read, once stated, “If there was any piece of legislation that I could pass it would be to blow up colleges of education.” The suggestion was repeated in a 2009 speech by Craig Barrett, the former chair of Intel Corporation, who had been working to improve math and science education. Arne Duncan, the Obama administration’s secretary of education, having previously served as schools superintendent in Chicago, one of the nation’s most troubled school districts,

The Educational Value of Field Trips

646402-education-1387251622-997-640x480The school field trip has a long history in American public education. For decades, students have piled into yellow buses to visit a variety of cultural institutions, including art, natural history, and science museums, as well as theaters, zoos, and historical sites. Schools gladly endured the expense and disruption of providing field trips because they saw these experiences as central to their educational mission: schools exist not only to provide economically useful skills in numeracy and literacy, but also to produce civilized young men and women who would appreciate the arts and culture. More-advantaged families may take their children to these cultural institutions outside of school hours, but less-advantaged students are less likely to have these experiences if schools do not provide them. With field trips, public schools viewed themselves as the great equalizer in terms of access to our cultural heritage.

Today, culturally enriching field trips are in decline. Museums across the country report a steep drop in school tours. For example, the Field Museum in Chicago at one time welcomed more than 300,000 students every year. Recently the number is below 200,000. Between

Increase your Earnings at Zero Cost: Free Online Writing Jobs

Are you looking to make a career as a writer? Or are you someone who would not mind a bit of extra income on the side? Or are you a subject matter expert on one topic, or more? Or simply, is writing your passion?

If you are any of these people (or all of them), there is a brilliant prospect waiting for you in the world of online writing. There are buyers who are looking for content on a daily basis in the digital world, and procuring a job as a writer is one of the easiest things to achieve. There is also good money to be had in the world of content writing, without most of the other hassles which are a part and parcel of a regular desk job. Content companies exist all over the Internet for writers who would want to enlist with them and provide their online services to diverse clients across the world.


Most online writing jobs do not require any investment on the writer’s part. The registration process is free, and except following a set of rules that

Things to Consider When Writing your Essay

Things to Consider When Writing your Essay

Writing an essay can be very challenging. It may take even up to 3 hours, and you still haven’t written one page yet. If you have such difficulties, you should know there are plenty of factors and outside resources that can help you write the perfect essay. For example, a good starting point is to place an online order for an essay. Use which is an essay services company with a very high reputation among students.

The skilled writers willcustomtailorthe essay to your exact needs and requirements. Read the essay carefully, and observe closely how a top writer uses the language or editing skills to craft the perfect essay. They charge very budget friendly prices, considering they serve mostly college students without a huge income. Now you will be able to write a nice essay yourself.

Pay attention to editing

Agood essay is not only about the text. How does your essay look on page? Does it have a nice outline? Are the paragraphs short and somewhat symmetric on page? Editing is extremely important, so when

Individual Training Awards for School

One of the simplest ways that to urge cash to purchase school is to use for private education grants. The good issue regarding this feature is that, in contrast to a student loan, you ne’er have to be compelled to pay the money back.

When attempting to return up with a finance choice to purchase faculty, there square measure a couple of places you’ll be able to intercommunicate. Your assistance officer at your school is a lucid alternative. They will gift you with variety of loans that the college provides, scholarship programs, and government loans.

But what if you are doing not have high enough grades to receive a scholarship? What if you do not have deposit cash, an honest credit score or a co-signer. Whereas most school students assume they’re out of luck at that time, there’s Associate in nursing choice that basically ought to be the primary place.

Besides government student loans, school students will receive federal education grants to assist them purchase school. This is often free cash that ne’er must be paid back, and is out there in many alternative forms. Some grant programs square measure specifically for minority girls, whereas some square measure for low financial gains students.


Importance of Industrial Training in a Students Life

IT Training Indore offers Industrial Training module for BE/B.Tech, BCA and MCA understudies. We gives best preparing to the students at sensible charges. We have tie-up with different engineering and expert colleges of Indore, so we additionally grants On campus and Off campus get ready by our master coaches having a propelled information in their viewpoint fields.

This planning is granted by our foundation for these courses:-

Website Design

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PHP with CMS




Technical get ready is a general and critical piece of the professional course in light of the fact that it help you to pick a right decision for your IT future. Amid the training session the understudies learn whole aptitudes about their separate streams. Every student will be totally prepared to improve their profession in the field in which they needs to make their plan subsequent after finishing the preparation. For improve the student’s learning and handle the specialized planning assuming an essential part. The preparation is careful, fastidious and compelling for trainees. This training makes strong your grip in particular stream and tells about the latest technologies related to corresponding pasture.

IT Training Indore is a leading formulation established in 2014, a proficient Industrial Training Center

Know More about Hadoop Software Training and Big Data Training in Delhi

As an ordinary net voyager, you may have unearthed a few sites. Have you ever thought about that no 2 sites are alike in structure, design, shading topic, illustrations, writings and presentation of substance? This can be owing to the handiwork of site designer’s exploitation diverse programming framework arrangements, and net arranging and improvement advances. As of nowadays, the globe wide net system is bubbling with entirely 634 million sites and developing. Fresher augmentations in advances and programming framework applications get made-up by authorities and offered to be utilized for net designers ceaselessly. Apache Hadoop programming framework is one such most recent unpretentious arrangement; another is immense data innovation to handle limitless data sets inside of sites.

Here is a layout of Apache Equipment and wherever you’ll have the capacity to get fitting training for making utilization of this product framework determination. It’s excessively specialized, making it impossible to illuminate the intricacies of Apache Equipment here. Fulfill it to comprehend what concerning this product framework and wherever it’s useful. Inside of the net World, there are a few programming framework arrangements created and disseminated for complimentary as Open supply and for a worth. Apache Hadoop is Open supply programming framework.

Apache Hadoop

Parents mount High Court challenge to RS GCSE

Three families are due in court on Tuesday to challenge the decision to exclude non-religious beliefs from the new religious studies GCSE syllabus.

From next year, the new GCSE will require pupils in England to study two religions but not humanism.

The parents fear excluding humanism may lead children to believe religion “has a monopoly on truth and on morality”.

In February, former Archbishop of Canterbury the Right Reverend Lord Williams urged a government rethink.

He was among 28 religious leaders to sign a letter urging the government to allow students “the option of systematic study of humanism in GCSE”.

‘Lack of parity’

The three claimants asking for judicial review of the government’s decision are all parents of children due to take GCSEs in the next few years.

“I completely recognise the importance of children learning about the different religions, especially in our increasingly diverse society,” said Kate Bielby, from Somerset, whose daughter Daisy is 12.

“What I object to is the lack of parity between religious beliefs and non-religious worldviews in the school curriculum, which in the eyes of children may well lead to the belief that religion, in whatever form, has a monopoly on truth and on morality.

“This is not accurate, it reflects neither

Why Was Your Research Paper Rejected?

Why was your research paper rejected?

Here are seven reasons why manuscripts are returned WITHOUT review by the editorial board of the journals.

You painstakingly accomplish a research, write it up and submit to a journal for publication. Within few hours or days you get an email from the editorial board excusing themselves for not being able to review your article, as it does not match their requirements.

Well you are not the only one; many of us have had to face a similar situation.


Well that’s a real bad start. Do not take the title page lightly, that’s the first thing the editorial board will see. It’s your foot trying to get into the door. There is specific information that journals require you to furnish at the outset. And boy, are they serious about them. Failure to divulge your information as per their “must let us know” information will surely have the editor click the “return for reformatting/revision” or worse “rejected for want of adherence to journal policy” button. Surely you would not want your prodigious effort to go waste just because you tried to save time by not filling those columns and requirement in the Title page section.

Most common

Closer To Reality: The Concept Of Infinity

Most knowledgeable people acknowledge that theoretically, on paper at least, the concept of infinity has merit, even if it’s difficult to pin down. Some however say that this concept presents a logical contradiction. An actual infinity cannot exist and so there had to have been an “in the beginning”, a first cause, yet 1) how do you create a something from nothing and 2) what was the first cause that caused the first cause? What follows arises out of my point of view in a debate I had with an Accidental Meta-physician which I’ve edited for, hopefully, sake of clarity.

# Defining Infinity

Actually people (philosophers, mathematicians and others) do differ on the definition of infinite series, or rather the concept of infinity. Many tend to go for the philosophical or mathematical definition which has infinity as a concept, not a number. I (and others) have gone for the practical definition which is along the lines of no matter how far you go (in time or space) you can always go even farther, and farther with no end in sight.

I’ll stick to my guns that infinity exists in a practical real world sense even if not in a philosophical sense. I define

Bridging the male education gap

In the ongoing discussion of how to boost the education and skill levels of the American workforce, one central issue is rarely addressed: the gap between male and female achievement. The reality is that the slowdown in U.S. educational gains is predominantly a male affair, and one that drags down the overall competitiveness of our workforce and workers’ ability to land (or create) good jobs.

To get more Americans working and set economic growth back on track, we need to understand what’s going on with men in education.

Despite rising college costs and the many other challenges facing America’s schools, women have made extraordinary strides in education. They have overtaken men in high school and college completion in the last few decades, earning 58% of bachelor’s degrees and 62% of postsecondary occupational certificates.

Our research has found that if men had the same educational distribution as women, their earnings would be 3.7% higher than they are and more men would be employed. Bridging the education gender gap is central to increasing America’s competitiveness in the world economy.

The educational shortfall of men has two important components. First, men are less likely to enroll in colleges and universities. Second, even when

More education makes better teachers

The Times refers to a recent study funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation that determined that teachers without advanced degrees are as effective as those who have them.

Really? In my 16 years of teaching at a public high school, I have noticed that teachers who have advanced degrees in their field are better advocates for their programs and more apt to assume leadership positions. This probably has something to do with conducting one’s own research and defending a thesis before a professional committee.

Questioning rewards given to teachers who educate themselves beyond the minimum only encourages us to dumb down our public schools.

Pamela Nagler


Your editorial gives the impression that paying more for teachers with master’s or doctorate degrees is a waste of money compared to the value of a national board certified teacher. I received both my certification and an advanced degree, and I feel both have helped me be a more effective educator.

I can tell you that the Los Angeles Unified School District already pays significantly more for national board certification. When I got my master’s degree recently, my salary increased by only $53 a month.

L.A. Schools Promote Free Tutoring for Some Students

Los Angeles school officials on Monday urged parents whose children attend chronically underperforming schools to apply for free tutoring in math and English, which begins in November.

The Los Angeles Unified School District mailed applications earlier this month to 186,000 students, from 104 schools, who are eligible for the extra assistance.

The federal No Child Left Behind education law requires school districts to pay for supplemental tutoring for low-income students whose schools repeatedly fail to meet testing improvement targets. To qualify, students must attend one of the targeted campuses and receive free or reduced-priced lunches because of low family income. Applications must be postmarked by Friday, Sept. 26.

“We want youngsters who participate in this program to get something that will improve their reading, math or language test scores,” said John Liechty, associate superintendent in charge of extended-day programs for the school district.


L.A. Unified parents can choose from 26 public and private providers of tutoring services, including Sylvan Education Solutions, the Boys & Girls Clubs of America and Huntington Learning Centers. The school district also is providing free tutoring, on Saturdays, through its Beyond the Bell Learning Centers.

Students can get as much as 100 hours of free tutoring

The Softer Side of ‘No Excuses’

Since their start in Houston in 1994, KIPP (Knowledge Is Power Program) charter schools have been the most celebrated of the No Excuses schools. Employing strict discipline, an extended school day and year, and carefully selected teachers, No Excuses schools move disadvantaged students who start behind their peers academically up to and above grade level in reading and math, and on the path to success in college. Studies conducted by Mathematica Policy Research show that KIPP schools achieve significantly greater gains in student achievement than do traditional public schools teaching similar students. Recent large-scale research at Stanford University’s Center for Research on Education Outcomes (CREDO) also finds that KIPP teaching is highly effective, with individual students learning far more than their statistical “twins” at traditional public schools. KIPP’s own studies find that the schools substantially increase the odds that a disadvantaged student will enter and graduate from college. Not surprisingly, the 144 KIPP charter schools across the nation have no shortage of fans, including President Barack Obama, Microsoft founder Bill Gates, and Secretary of Education Arne Duncan.
Such criticisms could be dismissed if held on the margins of American public education. Unfortunately, within many education schools and teachers unions, KIPP

Graduations on the Rise

President Barack Obama challenged Americans to “commit to at least one year or more of higher education or career training…. Every American,” he said, “will need to get more than a high school diploma. And dropping out of high school is no longer an option. It’s not just quitting on yourself, it’s quitting on your country.” During most of the last century, steady increases in the proportion of the labor force that had graduated from high school fueled the nation’s economic growth and rising incomes. The high school graduation rate for teenagers in the United States rose from 6 percent to 80 percent from 1900 to 1970. By the late 1960s, the U.S. ranked first among countries in the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) on this measure of educational attainment.

Between 1970 and 2000, however, the U.S. high-school graduation stagnated while in many other OECD countries it rose markedly. By 2000, the high school graduation rate in the United States ranked 13th among the 19 OECD countries for which comparable data are available.

Until quite recently, it appeared that this long stagnation had continued into the 21st century. Yet evidence from two independent sources now shows that, in fact, the

Toddlers and Tablets

The first iPad was released in April 2010. Three years later, a Pew Internet survey found that half of American parents with children at home own a tablet computer. Mosey on over to the iTunes app store, and 9 of the top 10 paid education apps are designed for small children, ages four and up.

To summarize: families with means are loading up on tablets, and they are buying education apps targeted at preschoolers.

I believe four-year-olds will shape the future of education technology (edtech), long before they ever set foot in a kindergarten classroom. And when I say four-year-olds, I’m just being politically correct. Two- and three-year-olds will get in on the action, too.

Made for Little Fingers

Touchscreens are the most intuitive interfaces ever created for small children. I still remember the weekend morning in 2008 when our 18-month-old padded into our bedroom, grabbed his mom’s new iPhone off the nightstand, turned on his favorite song, and began pawing through photos. My wife and I looked on in abject horror, each accusing the other of secretly using the iPhone as an electronic babysitter. Horror morphed into guilt but later turned to awe. No one had to teach our toddler how to use

Combating the ‘Culture of Can’t’

When big-dollar attorney Dan Weisberg left his private-sector position in 2003 to join the New York City school system, the district was having a hard time getting principals to provide honest assessments of low-performing teachers. Each negative piece of feedback was subject to a three-step grievance and arbitration process and, as Weisberg explains, “The final two steps were a big deal, because [principals] had to leave their building and go downtown, which could take hours. Principals complained about it and used it as an excuse for why they couldn’t document poor performance when they saw it.”

When Weisberg’s team asked the principals why they couldn’t attend the hearings by phone, he notes, “The answer we first got was, ‘No, we can’t do it. We’ve never done it that way.’ And we said, ‘Where is that in the contract? Where is that in some policy?’ And the answer was nowhere. So we just did it. It was a small thing, but it showed principals that we cared, that we understood this was very burdensome and we were trying to make their lives easier…. It had a concrete impact in encouraging principals to take action to document poor performance.”

When it comes to reforming

Still Teaching for America

Within days of taking on their new roles as co-chief executives of Teach For America (TFA), Elisa Villanueva Beard and Matt Kramer planned to take off on a 100-day tour of the 46 cities and rural areas where TFA works, “leaving our agenda behind,” Kramer said. “I expect it will lead to changes in things,” he told me.

The project that Wendy Kopp launched with a 1989 college thesis placed 10,400 teachers in 2012, with plans to expand to 15,000 teachers and 60 sites by 2015. To hit that target, Beard told me, TFA will need revenues of a half billion dollars a year, up from $320 million in 2012. Overseas, entrepreneurs in 26 countries have launched TFA projects under a sister organization called Teach For All; projects in another 18 countries are in the pipeline.

And more changes are ahead?

Kramer, previously TFA’s president, portrays the leadership shift as little more than a change in business cards, formalizing Kopp’s evolution out of TFA’s day-to-day activities and reassigning some of her public duties to himself and Beard, who previously was chief operating officer. The new arrangement puts Kramer in charge of recruiting, training, fundraising, marketing, and administration, while Beard will run the regional

Questioning the Quality of Virtual Schools

Proponents of school choice have sought for at least two decades to expand the education options available to families who lack the financial means to move to a neighborhood with high-quality public schools or to pay private-school tuition. Forty-one states and the District of Columbia now allow the founding of charter schools, which enrolled just over 2 million students in 2011–12, or about 4 percent of students nationwide, more than triple the number a decade earlier. Some states have voucher-type programs that enable children to use public funding to attend private schools, and some districts allow students to attend a traditional public school other than the one in their neighborhood.

Families certainly have more education options for their children than they did 20 years ago, but the growth of high-quality alternatives to the neighborhood school has often been constrained by geography: a student may not live within a reasonable distance of a desirable charter school or may lack reliable transportation to a school of choice if the district does not provide it. In rural communities, it may not make financial sense to have more than one school, and even populous areas may not have enough students to support a range of

Competition with Charters Motivates Districts

Proponents of market-based education reform often argue that introducing charter schools and other school choice policies creates a competitive dynamic that will prompt low-performing districts to improve their practice. Rather than simply providing an alternative to neighborhood public schools for a handful of students, the theory says, school choice programs actually benefit students remaining in their neighborhood schools, too. Competition motivates districts to respond to the loss of students and the revenues students bring, producing a rising tide that, as the common metaphor suggests, lifts all boats.

But in order for this to happen, districts must first recognize the need to compete for students and then make efforts to attract those students, who now have the chance to go elsewhere. Since 2007, enrollment in charter schools has jumped from 1.3 million to 2 million students, an increase of 59 percent. The school choice movement is gaining momentum, but are districts responding to the competition? In this study we investigate whether district officials in a position to influence policy and practice have begun to respond to competitive pressure from school choice in new ways. Specifically, we probe whether district officials in urban settings across the country believe they need to compete for

The Rising Cost of Teachers’ Health Care

The high-profile battle in Wisconsin over collective bargaining on public-sector benefits, as well as lower-profile battles in Ohio and Massachusetts, was to a great extent about health insurance costs for teachers. Wisconsin governor Scott Walker anticipated health care savings of $68 million for schools from his legislative proposal; actual savings turned out to be even greater, according to recent estimates. Nationally, school budgets have been hit hard by health-care costs for many years, and the recent fiscal strain has brought this into even greater focus.

Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) show that school district costs for teachers’ health insurance rose at an average annual rate of 4 percent above inflation from 2004 to 2012. In 2004, health insurance costs tacked 11.4 percent onto teacher earnings; in 2012, they added 15.5 percent. At roughly $560 per pupil per year, the national average masks wide variation across states, as districts in some states have relatively low insurance costs while costs borne by districts in other states are quite high. The data do not include health costs for other school employees and retirees, which can be quite substantial.

In this study, we examine BLS data to compare the costs to districts for

The 2013 Education Next Survey

Although opposition to Common Core education standards is growing, an overwhelming majority of Americans remain supportive of these standards. A majority also back government funding of preschool education for disadvantaged children. At the same time, Americans are becoming increasingly resistant to demands for greater education spending and higher teacher pay. They give a higher evaluation to private schools than to public ones in their local community, but opposition to market-oriented school-reform proposals such as performance pay for teachers and school vouchers seems to be on the rise. Those are just a few of the findings from the seventh annual Education Next (EdNext) poll administered under the auspices of the Harvard Program on Education Policy and Governance (PEPG) to a representative sample of the U.S. adult population. Teachers, parents, African Americans, and Hispanic respondents were also surveyed in large enough numbers to provide reliable estimates of their opinions. Detailed results from 2013 and from previous years are available on theEdNext website.

Please note that in this survey we place the neutral option on an issue—neither support for nor opposition to the policy—as the last response option rather than placing it in the middle position. As a result, the number of respondents who